October 12, 2021

Filariasis aka Elephantiasis: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Control

Filariasis commonly known as “elephantiasis” is a disease caused by a parasite transmitted by mosquito

Signs and Symptoms

    • Pain and swelling of the breast, vagina, scrotum, legs, and arms
    • Fever
    • Cough
    • Chills
    • Wheezing

Prevention

    • Wear long-sleeve shirts and long pants when working in farms or areas endemic to filariasis.
    • Sleep under a mosquito net.

Treatment

    • Selective treatment with DEC (Diethylcarbamazine Citrate) is given to people with clinical manifestations of the disease.
    • Mass treatment of the people living in established endemic areas.
    • Medicines (DEC and albendazole) are given once a year for 5 years.

Source: Philippines Department of Health

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