October 29, 2021

The G20 Leaders’ Summit will focus on climate change, global health, and the global economy.

The next Group of 20 (G20) Leaders’ Summit, according to Luigi Mattiolo, a top diplomatic counselor to Italy’s Prime Minister Mario Draghi, will focus on three primary areas: climate change, health, and global economic recovery.

Mattiolo told reporters via video conference that the climate change discussions will assess progress made in the lead-up to the 26th United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP-26) in Scotland, while the health-related discussions will focus on issues like the distribution of Covid-19 vaccines and ways to improve pandemic preparedness.

According to Mattiolo, the negotiators will also address how to enhance the post-pandemic global economic recovery and make economic development more sustainable.

The G20 summit, which is set to take place this weekend, will also look to address global issues such as the coronavirus epidemic and examine the situation in Afghanistan following the country’s government’s fall.

The event’s schedule also includes long-standing ministerial-level discussions on finance, labor, education, foreign affairs, development, environmental protection, energy, culture, trade, and agriculture.

The finance summit focused on international tax reform; the labor talks focused in part on gender equality; the negotiations on education, including the effects of the pandemic on education systems; and the discussions on the environment and energy, in preparation for the upcoming COP26 climate summit, are among the highlights of the ministerial meetings this year.

Each of the earlier-in-the-year sessions resulted in a final declaration, which will be formally given to the heads of state and government for approval.

“The major purpose of the huge summit will be to examine and adopt the outcomes of the many working groups, task forces, and ministerial meetings,” Antonio Villafranca, research coordinator and head of the European Program at the Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI), told Xinhua. “In Rome, the leaders will evaluate what has been accomplished and what has to be accomplished.”

According to Villafranca, one of the problems still to be decided is whether the leaders will call for the G20 countries to reduce or eliminate the incentives that encourage the use of fossil fuels.

According to an ISPI assessment, the G20 member states account for over 80% of the world’s primary energy demand.

If the leaders agree to limit fossil fuel subsidies, it will enhance climate negotiations ahead of the COP26 climate talks, which start just after the G20 Leaders’ Summit ends.

However, Raffaele Marchetti, an international relations professor at LUISS University in Rome, believes that the G20’s efficiency should not be assessed by its ability to make decisions.

“The G20 should be viewed as a forum for discussions among global leaders on crucial issues,” Marchetti told Xinhua. “It isn’t always a body that makes big choices. However, those decisions may emerge from the G20 discussions.”

“Other forums, such as the United Nations, the World Health Organization, or the World Trade Organization, are too vast to be focused,” Marchetti said, adding that the G7 (Group of Seven) is too narrow and dominated by western countries.

“The G20, on the other hand, contains both eastern and western powers. It is the best platform in which the big countries — the US, China, and the European Union — are all active in most areas.”

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