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Pregnancy in Adolescents

Adolescent pregnancy is the most common side effect of adolescent sexual activity, aside from STDs, in 99.99 percent of cases. Youth, families, educators, health care professionals, and government officials have all been affected by this issue. According to a study of high school adolescents, forty-eight percent of males and forty-five percent of females are sexually active. By the age of fifteen, one-fourth of high school students had had sexual contact. The average age of boys who have had intercourse is sixteen, and the average age of girls is seventeen. Ninety percent of adolescent girls between the ages of 15 and 19 say their pregnancy was unintended.

Involuntary sex has been reported by 74% of females over the age of fourteen and 60% of females under the age of fifteen. Fifty percent of adolescent pregnancies occur within six months of the first sexual encounter. Every year in the United States, more than 900,000 teenagers are reported to have become pregnant. Fifty-one percent of adolescent pregnancies result in a live birth, 35% in induced abortion, and 14% in stillbirths or miscarriages. Before they turn twenty, four out of ten adolescent females become pregnant at least once. It’s not the mother’s first child in 25% of adolescent deliveries. When a teen gives birth to her first child, she raises her chances of having another. One-third of adolescent parents are the result of adolescent pregnancies themselves.

Adolescents choose to become sexually active at a young age for a variety of reasons. Early pubertal development, poverty, childhood sexual abuse, lack of parental attention, lack of career goals, family and cultural patterns of early sex, substance abuse, dropping out of school, and poor academic performance are all possible causes. Stable family environments, parental supervision, good family income, regular prayers, connectedness with parents, and living with the entire family and both parents are all factors that discourage an adolescent from becoming sexually active. Academic success, the anticipation of a successful future, and involvement in a stable relationship are the factors that contribute to adolescents’ consistent use of contraception.

Adolescent pregnancies come with a number of medical risks. When compared to adult females, adolescents under the age of seventeen are at a higher risk of developing medical complications. Teenagers under the age of seventeen are at an even higher risk. In these pregnancies, the child’s weight is very low because the mother is an adolescent. It usually weighs less than 2.5 kilograms. When compared to adults, the rate of neonatal birth is three times higher in adolescents. Prematurity of the child, birth of an underweight child, poor maternal weight gain, poor nutritional status, anemia, STDs, and pregnancy-induced hypertension are all problems caused by adolescent pregnancies.

Despite an increase in the use of contraceptive methods by adolescents during their first sexual contact, only 63% of high school students have stated that they have used a condom in the past. Adolescents who use prescription contraceptives put off seeing their doctor for over a year until they become sexually active.

According to a study, young people who took part in sex education programs that taught them about contraception, abstinence, and sexually transmitted diseases, as well as young people who participated in discussions to gain a better understanding, used contraceptives and condoms effectively without increasing their sexual activity. Barrier contraception and abstinence, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are the best ways to prevent unwanted adolescent pregnancies and STDs.

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