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Caraga records a 7 percent reduction in palay production in 2021.

According to the Caraga Region of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA-13), the region’s palay production fell by at least 7% in 2021 compared to the year before.

The PSA-13 reported that the region’s palay harvest last year was measured at 467,744 metric tons, down from the 503,331 metric tons of harvest in 2020, according to the Palay Production Survey (PPS).

“The reduction in area harvested to 5.25 percent was related to the decline in production,” it stated.

The total area harvested in 2021 was predicted to be 147,878 hectares, which is 8,195 hectares less than the 156,073 hectares gathered in the previous year.

The yield per hectare also fell, from 3.22 metric tons per hectare in 2020 to 3.16 metric tons per hectare in 2021, a 1.92 percent decline, according to PSA-13.

The survey also revealed that 63.50 percent of the region’s total palay production comes from the cultivation of irrigated palay.

A negative growth of 11.24 percent was also seen in the output of irrigated palay last year, which fell from 334,642 metric tons in 2020 to 297,026 metric tons in 2021.

A total harvest of 170,717 metric tons, or 1.20 percent more than the previous year, was recorded for rainfed palay, which made up 36.50 percent of the region’s total palay production.

Additionally, the region’s average palay yield decreased from 3.22 metric tons per hectare in 2020 to 3.16 metric tons per hectare in 2017.

The PSA-13 stated that the fall was due to the irrigated palay’s yield dropping from 3.44 metric tons per hectare to 3.36 metric tons per hectare.

Agusan del Sur consistently held the highest share among the provinces, accounting for 54.99 percent of the region’s total palay production in 2021. It was followed by Surigao del Sur (16.13 percent), Agusan del Norte (13.83 percent), Surigao del Norte and Dinagat Islands (13.68 percent), and Dinagat Islands (1.37 percent).

Agusan del Sur also had the biggest amount of palay collected last year, with 257,215 metric tons, according to the actual volume of palay output. With a combined volume of 75,469 metric tons and 64,669 metric tons, respectively, Surigao del Sur and Agusan del Norte come next.

In contrast, production in Surigao del Norte and the Dinagat Islands in 2021 was 63,998 metric tons and 6,393 metric tons, respectively.

In terms of the overall area harvested for palay last year, Agusan del Sur came in top place with 80,622 hectares. Surigao del Sur was second with 24,975 hectares, followed by Agusan del Norte with 20,368 hectares, Surigao del Norte with 19,031 hectares, and Dinagat Islands with 2,882 hectares.

One of the key agricultural surveys, according to the PSA-13, the PPS aims to assess palay production, area, yield, and other production-related statistics.

The Performance of Agriculture Report and the calculation of the Gross Regional Domestic Product will both use data from PPS as inputs.

In the PSA-13, it was stated that the survey “supports the data needs of planners, policy and decision-makers, and other stakeholders in the agriculture sector.”

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