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Romania Travel & Tourism Guide

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Romania is a country located in South-East Central Europe, North of the Balkan Peninsula, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea. Almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory. It shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south.

The territory's recorded history includes periods of rule by Dacians, the Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. As a nation-state, the country was formed by the merging of Moldavia and Wallachia in 1859 and it gained recognition of its independence in 1878. Later, in 1918, they were joined by Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia. At the end of World War II, parts of its territories were occupied by USSR and Romania became a member of the Warsaw Pact. With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Romania started a series of political and economic reforms. After a decade of post-independence economic problems, Romania made economic reforms such as low flat tax rates in 2005 and joined the European Union in January 1, 2007. While Romania's income level remains one of the lowest in the European Union, reforms have increased the growth speed. Romania is now an upper-middle income country economy.

Romania has the 9th largest territory and the 7th largest population (with 21.5 million people) among the European Union member states. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the 6th largest city in the EU with 1.9 million people. In 2007, Sibiu, a city in Transylvania, was chosen as a European Capital of Culture. Romania also joined NATO on March 29, 2004, and is also a member of the Latin Union, of the Francophonie of the OSCE and an associate member of the CPLP. Romania is a semi-presidential unitary state.

Hotels, Vacations & Holidays in Romania, Europe

Romania Festivals
Unique Places in Romania
Callatis Festival, Mangalia
The largest music and culture festival held in Romania. Every year the location is the same - a barge that is docked into the touristic harbor of Mangalia. Read more about Callatis Festival...
Berca Mud Volcanoes, Buzău County
A geological and botanical reservation, Its most spectacular feature is the mud volcanoes, small volcano-shaped structures typically a few meters high caused by the eruption of mud and volcanic gases. Read more about Berca Mud Volcanoes...
George Enescu Festival
Held in honor of the celebrated Romanian composer George Enescu, is the biggest classical music festival and classical international competition held in Romania and one of the biggest in Eastern Europe. Read more about George Enescu Festival...
Scărişoara Cave
One of the biggest ice caves in the Romanian part of Carpathians, more specifically in the Apuseni Mountains. Read more about Scărişoara Cave...
Golden Stag Festival, in Braşov
An annual international music festival held in Braşov, Romania. The main organiser is Televiziunea Română, television network. The Golden Stag was first held in 1968. Read more about Golden Stag Festival...
Merry Cemetery, Săpânţa, Maramureş County
A cemetery in the village of Săpânţa, Maramureş county, Romania. It is famous for its colourful tombstones with naïve paintings describing, in an original and poetic manner, the persons that are buried there as well as scenes from their lives. Read more about Merry Cemetery...
Sibiu Jazz Festival in Sibiu
Annual festival la Sibiu remains the most famous landmark in Romania. Management of this event can build on the prestige gained in nearly four decades of existence of this musical oases. Read more about Sibiu Jazz Festival...
Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
A multi-purpose building containing both chambers of the Romanian Parliament. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the Palace is the world's largest civilian administrative building, most expensive administrative building, and heaviest building. Read more about Palace of the Parliament...
Stufstock Festival
A rock music festival that has taken place each year since 2003 in Vama Veche, Dobrogea, Romania, to protest against what some people may consider bad quality music and to call for the preservation of Vama Veche from the large scale development that has overtaken much of Romania's Black Sea coast. Read more about Stufstock Festival...
Transfăgărăşan Road
The highest and most dramatic paved road in Romania. It runs North to South across the tallest sections of the Carpathian Mountains, between the highest peak in the country, Moldoveanu, and the second highest, Negoiu. Read more about Transfăgărăşan Road...

World Heritage Sites of Romania

Churches of Moldavia
Painted exterior walls, decorated with 15th- and 16th-century frescoes that are considered masterpieces of Byzantine art, these seven churches in northern Moldavia are unique in Europe. Far from being merely wall decorations, the paintings represent complete cycles of religious murals on all facades. Their outstanding composition, elegant outline and harmonious colours blend perfectly with the surrounding landscape. More info and photos about Churches of Moldavia...
Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains
Built in murus dacicus style, the six Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains, in Romania, were created in the 1st centuries BC and AD as protection against Roman conquest. More info and photos about Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains...
Danube Delta
The second largest delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta, and is the best preserved on the continent. The greater part of the Danube Delta lies in Romania, while its northern part, on the left bank of the Chilia arm, is situated in Ukraine. More info and photos about Danube Delta...
Historic Centre of Sighişoara
The old historic center of the town of Sighişoara, Romania, built in the 12th century by Saxon colonists under the Latin name Castrum Sex. It is an inhabited medieval citadel and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999, for its 850 year old testimony to the history and culture of the Transylvanian Saxons. More info and photos about
Historic Centre of Sighişoara...
Monastery of Horezu
Founded in 1690 by Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu in the town of Horezu, Wallachia, Romania. It is considered to be a masterpiece of "Brâncovenesc style", known for its architectural purity and balance, the richness of its sculpted detail, its treatment of religious compositions, its votive portraits, and its painted decorative works. More info and photos about Monastery of Horezu...
Villages with Fortified Churches in Transylvania
Often organised around a fortified church. Currently, a group of six former Saxon and one Székely villages is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. More info and photos about Villages with Fortified Churches...
Wooden Churches of Maramureş
A selection of eight examples of different architectural solutions from different periods and areas. They are Orthodox churches. They are high timber constructions with characteristic tall, slim bell towers at the western end of the building. They are a particular vernacular expression of the cultural landscape of this mountainous area of northern Romania. More info and photos about Wooden Churches of Maramureş...

History of Romania: Prehistory and Antiquity, Middle Ages, Independence and Monarchy, World Wars & Greater Romania, Romania Communism, Present-Day Democracy

Romania Etymology, Romania Geography, Environment of Romania, Romania Climate, Sports in Romania

Demographics of Romania: Religion in Romania, Romania Largest Cities, Education in Romania,
Economy of Romania: Transportation in Romania, Tourism of Romania
Romania Culture: Romania Arts, Romania Monuments, Romania National Flag,
Government of Romania: Politics of Romania, Romania Administrative Divisions, Foreign Relations of Romania

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Travel Quotes:

The attention of a traveller, should be particularly turned, in the first place, to the various works of Nature, to mark the distinctions of the climates he may explore, and to offer such useful observations on the different productions as may occur. William Bartram

Reminds me of my safari in Africa. Somebody forgot the corkscrew and for several days we had to live on nothing but food and water. W. C. Fields


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