Bipolar II Disorder Information
Manic depressive disorder is another name for bipolar disorder. Mood swings or mood cycling are symptoms of this mental disease. Many individuals are unaware that bipolar disorder is divided into two categories. Raging mood cycling with bouts of intense mania and despair, as well as the rare mixed episode, characterizes bipolar I disorder. Psychotic or hallucinatory symptoms are common in bipolar I patients.
Bipolar II disorder is characterized by mood swings that alternate between hypomania and depression. Psychotic or hallucinatory symptoms are not present in bipolar II illness. Hypomania is a lesser variant of mania in which the patient has a time of increased pleasure or euphoria. Depression in bipolar II individuals is often more severe than in bipolar I individuals. Suicide attempts, threats, and thoughts of suicide are much more prevalent in bipolar II patients than they are in bipolar I patients.
When a patient has had one or more severe depressive episodes, at least one hypomania episode, no manic periods, and no alternative cause for symptoms can be determined, they are diagnosed with bipolar II disorder.
Reduced energy, unexplained weight fluctuations, feelings of hopelessness, increased irritability, and uncontrolled sobbing are all symptoms of bipolar II disorder sadness. Sleeplessness, racing thoughts, distractibility, extra energy, and rash judgments are all symptoms of hypomania. These symptoms are comparable to those of mania, however they are milder.
The most common treatment for bipolar II illness is a mix of medication and therapy or counseling. Antidepressants, such as Celexa, and mood stabilizers, such as Topomax, are often recommended for the treatment of bipolar II disorder. Antidepressants alone may lead a patient to have a manic or hypomanic episode, hence mood stabilizers are critical in the treatment of bipolar illnesses.
Clinical depression is often misinterpreted as bipolar II illness. This is owing to the fact that most hypomania episodes are accompanied by despair, and because of their cheery character, hypomania episodes are seldom brought up in treatment sessions. Because the patient may almost instantly spiral into a hypomania episode if the diagnosis should be bipolar II disorder rather than clinical depression, the right diagnosis is usually determined via antidepressant medication.
Traditional counseling approaches, discussion of triggers and life style modifications that might minimize the intensity of episodes, and cognitive behavioral therapy are all possible treatment choices for bipolar II disorder. Without medication, patients with a mild degree of bipolar II illness may benefit from counseling or therapy. However, because of the intensity of the depressed phases, this is less prevalent in bipolar II disease than in bipolar I disease.
People who are experiencing signs of bipolar II illness should get treatment from a mental health professional as soon as possible. Patients with bipolar II disease account for at least half of all suicides each year. To avoid suicide conduct, bipolar II patients must be appropriately recognized at an early stage, so that continuing treatment of the disorder may begin and be sustained.