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PRRD signs EO adopting Lapulapu rendering without a hyphen

Lapulapu, the Mactan chieftain who is considered the country’s first hero, shall be written without a hyphen, according to an executive order (EO) signed by President Rodrigo Duterte.

EO No. 152, signed by Duterte on Monday, amends EO No. 17 and EO No. 55 which created the Order of Lapu-Lapu, an award given to government officials and employees as well as private individuals who rendered extraordinary or invaluable experience in relation to a campaign or advocacy of the President and the National Quincentennial Committee (NCQ), which was tasked to spearhead the 2021 Quincentennial Commemorations in the Philippines that include events celebrating the victory in the Battle of Mactan, respectively.

Under the EO, the oldest transcription in the Latin alphabet of the name of the hero of Mactan is “Cilapulapu”, with “Ci” evidently being an honorary term, from which our founding heroes Jose Rizal and Juan Luna obtained their own allusions to him as “Si Lapulapu.”

“Adopting a standard rendering of the name of Lapulapu, so as to adhere to prior references, will contribute in the education of our children about Philippine history which is basic to the building of national identity,” the EO stated.

The EO further notes the term Lapulapu is “understood to relate to the Filipino here who heroically and victoriously fought in the Battle of Mactan in the 16th century.”

“Thus, all references to the name ‘Lapu-Lapu’ in EO No. 17, as amended, and EO No. 55, as amended, are thus altered to read as ‘Lapulapu’,” it said.

The EO directs all government agencies and instrumentalities, including government-owned or –controlled corporations, and state universities and colleges as well as enjoins local government units, non-government organizations, civil society groups, and the private sector to adopt “Lapulapu” when referring to the name of the first Filipino hero.

However, the official names of places such as Lapu-Lapu City, which have been created by statute, shall continue to be honored.

Section 15, Article XIV of the Constitution specifies that the State shall conserve, promote, and disseminate the nation’s historical and cultural legacy and resources, as well as artistic creations.

In January this year, the NQC reminded the public that the Mactan ruler’s name must be written without the hyphen.

The government said it had to define the name because he would be “the major figure of the quincentennial” and standardize the spelling for the proposed renaming of the Mactan-Cebu International Airport.

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