Adolescents with diabetes
Diabetes is a severe health concern that is increasingly spreading among today’s youth. Every year, around thirteen thousand adolescents in the United States are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. There has also been an increase in the number of teenagers diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, which is more common in overweight individuals over forty. Nearly half of all new childhood diabetes cases, according to clinics, are type 2. Obese adolescents with a family history of type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of getting diabetes.
Diabetes is a condition in which the human body is unable to produce or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone generated by the body to convert carbs, sugar, and other foods into energy. The blood sugar level rises in diabetics because insulin isn’t utilized appropriately. This glucose buildup is detected in the blood, which is subsequently transported onto the urine and excreted from the body, resulting in the loss of the body’s primary source of energy.
Diabetes is a dangerous chronic disease that must be treated promptly or it might lead to significant complications. It can be harmful to the human body, causing damage to the eyes, teeth, gums, blood vessels, nerves, and kidneys. This is why diabetes is to blame for the vast majority of adult blindness, kidney failure, and lower-limb amputations. If left untreated, it can lead to a stroke, heart disease, and death. These issues affect not just adults, but also adolescents who get diabetes during childhood. The most crucial aspect of diabetes treatment is to maintain a constant blood sugar level.
An adolescent will be affected by one of two forms of diabetes. There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. The immune system is harmed by type 1 diabetes because the pancreas’ insulin-producing cells, commonly known as beta cells, are attacked. As a result, the pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin. This is why persons with type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a daily basis. Weight loss, increased urine and thirst, hazy eyesight, weariness, and persistent hunger are all symptoms. And if the adolescent isn’t treated at the correct moment, he or she may develop a diabetic coma, putting his or her life in jeopardy. In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to adequately use the insulin it produces, necessitating the use of insulin from a different source. Type 2 diabetes has symptoms that are comparable to type 1 diabetes. The adolescent is unwell, exhausted, queasy, and thirsty. The wounds will heal slowly; he or she may contract infections regularly, acquire hazy eyesight, and lose weight.
In determining the problem, parents play a critical role. They should keep a close eye on their youngster for indicators of sadness or eating issues. Although all adolescents and children should avoid cigarettes, drugs, and alcohol, young people with diabetes should avoid them even more so because they might exacerbate their condition. A diabetic who begins smoking runs the risk of having cardiovascular disease and circulation difficulties. Alcohol consumption can result in hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. It is the responsibility of parents to inform their children about the risks they may face if they begin to smoke, drink alcohol, or use drugs.
Diabetes affects children and adolescents in numerous ways, making it difficult for them to live a normal life. They must reconsider ordinary activities like attending a party, participating in sports, or even staying over with friends. This is due to the fact that they require oral medicine or insulin. Throughout the day, their blood sugar level must be monitored. They also have to avoid a variety of foods on social occasions. As a result, they will stand out from the throng and may feel excluded. Diabetes not only causes behavioral problems but also causes emotional problems.
A psychologist who can cope with the emotional issues of the adolescent should be consulted in addition to the doctor. The family should also be involved in helping the child feel better. The family should work together with the doctor, dietician, and diabetes educators. Extended assistance and advice can be provided by teachers, counselors, school nurses, daycare providers, and other community members. Transportation, mental health counseling, health education, social services, and financial assistance are all things they can help with.
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